My name is Tess Homan. I'm an assistant professor in the Power and Flow group at the Department of Mechanical Engineering of Eindhoven University of Technology. On this website you will find some of my current and past projects.

Virus viability in droplets.

Viruses can spread via small droplets in the air. To be able to take the proper measures in a pandemic, it is important to understand the virus concentration per droplet size. But how do we measure this without destroying the virus?

Bubble Segmentation.

When bubbles overlap, traditional image segmentation methods struggle. However, image analysis based on deep neural networks perform really well. What is a smart way to build a data set to train these neural networks?

Metal Fuels.

Burning iron particles is one half of a clean energy cycle in which energy is stored in metal powders using reduction and subsequently released in a burner. Creating a stable flame and understanding the burning behavior are key questions.

Lens-less Imaging.

I'm always interested in recording 3D experiments in a smart way. This camera uses a diffuser plate instead of a lens to collect all 3D information on a 2D CCD chip. With the use of mathematics or deep learning the 3D scene can be reconstructed.

Levitating Droplets.

An acoustic levitator allows us to study droplets without interaction with a solid surface. It is important to understand the local environment (such as the acoustic boundary layer) to be able to interpret the results.

Cutting Bubbles.

Bubbles rising in a liquid interact with each other, the walls, and the free surface. How do they coalesce, especially when there are surfactants present in the liquid, and how can you break them up?

Cell size.

With a Fourier-based analysis it is possible to determine ensemble averages of the cell size in biological tissues, both in 2D and for 3D image stacks. Using generated images, we analyzed valuable criteria for image acquisition settings to optimize accuracy.

Beating Cells.

Now that human cardiac cells can be produced from pluripotent stem cells (coming from blood or skin cells) a fast and easy way to analyze the beating patterns is needed. Our software finds arrhythmias and other anomalies from low time resolution movies.


The structure and distribution of sarcomeres in cardiomyocytes play an essential role in the contraction efficiency of the heart. From fluorescent microscope images we can automatically detect parameters that separate cells from heart-patients and cells from healthy people.

Force Probes.

Mechanical forces play a fundamental role in the development of tissues, such as during embryogenesis. We use soft probes to calculate the stresses inside Multicellular Aggregates.

Dynamic Suspension.

By continuously injecting air into a granular bed, particles are lifted from the bed and mixed with the liquid above. If the suspended particles are heavier than the surrounding liquid, they will settle back onto the bed. Because of the continuous ejection of particles an equilibrium will form.

Smart Particle.

Using a smart particle, we perform direct acceleration measurements of a ball impacting on sand. We find detailed dynamics that cannot be seen in the position data such as, a downward acceleration due to the cavity collapse and the influence of interstitial air on the bed compressibility.

PhD Defense.

I did my PhD under supervision of Devaraj van der Meer and Detlef Lohse in the physics of fluids group at the university of Twente, on the influence of interstitial air on the movement of fine sand. Here you can find a pdf of my thesis.

Air causes Drag Reduction.

The force that needs to be exerted to push a ball into a loose granular bed is lower when there is air present inside the bed. Pressurized, trapped air in front of the ball reduces the experienced drag.

Pressure during Impact.

The air pressure in the volumes above and below a loose granular bed is recorded during the impact of a metal ball. Air gets trapped inside a region of compressed sand around the ball, temporarily lowering the pressure above the bed.

Granular Shock.

As soon as an object hits the side wall of a container filled with very loose sand, the sand bed collapses. The amount the bed level changes decreases when the air pressure is lower. This indicates that interstitial air has a lubricating effect on the friction between grains.

X-ray measurements.

Using an X-ray tomography system, it is possible to "see" what happens inside a granular bed after the impact of an object. Different analyzation techniques give a reconstruction of the air cavity, the shape of the air bubble and the density changes in the sand.

Granular Impact.

If a metal ball impacts on fine, very loose sand, the bed behaves fluid like and the ball sinks into the bed. As soon as the cavity that is created behind the ball collapses a jet is created that rises above the bed surface.

Dictyostelium Movement.

When food is getting scarce a group of the single cellular organism Dictyostelium agglomerates. During my internship at the group of Wolfgang Losert at the university of Maryland I tracked the boundary movement of a Dicty cell to find the protrusions and retractions.

Rotating Polygon.

During an internship in the group of Tomas Bohr at the technical university of Denmark I investigated the formation and surface flow of a rotating polygon on a water surface.

Suction after Splash.

The shape of the splash that forms after the impact of a ball on sand depends on the ambient pressure. When air is present, the splash becomes more vertical due to the suction of air flowing into the cavity created behind the ball.


 -  Conrad Hessels, Tess Homan, Niels Deen, Yali Tang, Reduction kinetics of combusted iron powder using hydrogen, Powder Technology (2022)

 -  Tess Homan, Sylvain Monnier, Cécile Jebane, and Hélène Delanoë-Ayari, Measuring the average cell size in cellular tissues using Fourier transform, European Physical Journal E 45, 44 (2022)

 -  Tess Homan, Hélène Delanoë-Ayari, Albano Meli, Olivier Cazorla, Csilla Gergely, Alexandre Mejat, Philippe Chevalier, and Adrien Moreau, MorphoScript: a dedicated analysis to assess the morphology and contractile structures of cardiomyocytes derived from stem cells, Bioinformatics 37(22), 4209-4215 (2021)

 -  Tess Homan, Valérie Vidal, Clément Picard, and Sylvain Joubaud, Fluid-particle suspension by gas release from a granular bed, Physical Review Fluids 5, 104304 (2020)

 -  Melina Durande, Sham Tlili, Tess Homan, Boris Guirao, François Graner, and Hélène Delanoë-Ayari, Fast determination of coarse grained cell anisotropy and size in epithelial tissue images using Fourier transform, Physical Review E 99, 062401 (2019)

 -  Tess Homan and Devaraj van der Meer, Giant drag reduction due to interstitial air in sand, preprint arXiv:1607.07774 (2016)

 -  Tess Homan, Rob Mudde, Detlef Lohse, and Devaraj van der Meer, High-speed X-ray imaging of a ball impacting on loose sand, Journal of Fluid Mechanics 777, 690-706 (2015)

 -  Sylvain Joubaud, Tess Homan, Yoann Gasteuil, Detlef Lohse, and Devaraj van der Meer, Forces encountered by a sphere during impact into sand, Physical Review E 90, 060201 (2014)

 -  Tess Homan, Christa Gjaltema, and Devaraj van der Meer, Collapsing granular beds: The role of interstitial air, Physical Review E 89, 052204 (2014)

 -  Gabriel Caballero, Kevin Kelly, Tess Homan, Joost Weijs, Devaraj van der Meer, and Detlef Lohse, Suction of splash after impact on dry quick sand, Granular Matter 14, 179-184 (2012)

 -  Meghan Driscoll, Colin McCann, Rael Kopace, Tess Homan, John Fourkas, Carole Parent, and Wolfgang Losert, Cell shape dynamics: From waves to migration, PLoS Computational Biology 8, e1002392 (2012)

 -  Raymond Bergmann, Laust Tophoj, Tess Homan, Pascal Hersen, Anders Andersen, and Tomas Bohr, Polygon formation and surface flow on a rotating fluid surface, Journal of Fluid Mechanics 679, 415-431 (2011)

Contact me

Tess Homan

Power and Flow
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Eindhoven University of Technology
Gemini Zuid 2.136